Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Patterns in disease progress and the influence of single and multiple viral infections on pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) growth.

Abstract

The patterns and progress of disease caused by multiple infections of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV) and Pepper mottle virus (PepMoV) and their effects on growth of pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.) were investigated in this study. Each virus induced distinct symptoms, but more severe symptoms, including reduced growth rates, were observed when pepper plants were simultaneously infected by more than one virus. When CMV was included in multiple viral inoculations, co-inoculations and sequential inoculations, PepMoV and PMMoV symptoms were observed but the symptoms characteristic of CMV were not masked, even though CMV titre did not increase greatly. In multiple viral infections, PepMoV titre and CMV did not increase significantly, but PMMoV titre gradually increased in most cases. Growth rates of pepper plants were greatly reduced during the 30 to 40-day post-inoculation period under both single-infection and multiple-infection conditions, but multiple viral infections of CMV pre-inoculated peppers were affected to a greater extent. A significant reduction in fruit size and fruit number was observed in single and multiple viral inoculations, and fruit malformation rates were high in CMV single-infection and multiple viral infections with CMV.