Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Long-term immunogenicity and protection against Mycoplasma agalactiae induced by an oil adjuvant vaccine in sheep.

Abstract

The long-term protective immunity of an inactivated mineral-oil adjuvanted Mycoplasma agalactiae vaccine was evaluated in sheep. The antigen suspension was emulsified with a mixture of three mineral oils (Montanide ISA-563, Marcol-52, Montane-80 at the ratio of 30%, 63%, and 7%, respectively). Twenty-two animals were divided in 2 groups (A and B) and immunised with two doses of the vaccine (group A, n=14) or used as unvaccinated control (group B, n=8). Five months after the second vaccination, seven animals of group A and four animals of group B were challenged by nasal route with M. agalactiae. The remaining seven vaccinated and four control animals were challenged intranasally eight months after vaccination. The vaccine was able to induce a full-protective immunity preventing the clinical signs of contagious agalactia and the infection by M. agalactiae in all groups of animals irrespective of the time of challenge after booster administration.