Aromatic plants for food industry in the collections of National Botanical Garden of NAS of Ukraine.
A comprehensive study of introduced aromatic plants in the Botanical Garden of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine has been performed. A number of aromatic plants were identified from the Mediterranean and other regions that might be important from the commercial point of view in Ukraine. Approximately 150 taxa of promising species of aromatic plants have been selected to enrich and extend the assortment of Ukrainian cultivated flora with new species, cultivars and hybrids of aromatic plants which can be used both fresh and dried in fruit-vegetable marinades, meat and confectionery products, liqueurs, vodkas and dry spice mixtures. These edible plants include Dragocephalum molda-vicum [Dracocephalum moldavica], Hyssopus officinalis, Majorana hortensis [Origanum majorana], Ocimum basilicum, O. gratissimum, Satureja hortensis, Lophanthus anisatus, Nepeta cataria var. citriodora, Melissa officinalis, Monarda didyma, Salvia sclarea, Vitex agnus-castus and V. cannabifolia. The goal of the research includes the development of a theoretical basis for introduction and selection of species, populations and cultivars, which are promising from the viewpoints of productivity, content of biologically active substances, and resistance. A few promising forms of aromatic plant species were chosen, which provided a desirable variety of growth habits and colours and were therefore used in creating 9 high-efficiency taxa of alternative aromatic cultures adapted for ecological conditions of Ukraine and incorporated in the State Registry of Plants Taxons in Ukraine.