Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Effects of the 3MTM MEC Sprayable Pheromone® formulation on gypsy moth mating success.

Abstract

The study was conducted during 2000, 2001, 2003 and 2004 in forested areas in Virginia, USA to evaluate the 3MTM MEC-GM Sprayable Pheromone® formulation of the gypsy moth sex pheromone, disparlure, for its ability to disrupt mating in gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lep.: Lymantriidae). Both mating success of gypsy moth females and male moth catches in pheromone-baited traps were significantly reduced in plots treated with the 3MTM MEC-GM formulation at dosages ranging from 15 to 75 g of active ingredient/ha. However, the 3MTM MEC-GM formulation reduced trap catch to a lesser extent than did the currently registered Hercon Disrupt® II plastic flakes used as a positive control and applied at similar or lower dosages. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the 3MTM sprayable formulation declined through time, so that by the end of the male flight season, male moth catches in traps were significantly higher than in plots treated with Hercon plastic flakes. Based on the reported results, 3MTM MEC-GM Sprayable Pheromone® formulation was never integrated into the operational treatment projects of USDA Forest Service Cooperative Slow-the-Spread of the Gypsy Moth management programme.