Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Pest insects and agro-biodiversity.

Abstract

The agro-biotic fauna in The Netherlands is known for its great diversity of arthropod species. Only very few of these species (less than 4%) are considered as pests. This paper presents an overview of the pest species that are currently most relevant to the Dutch agro-economy, including pests in arable farming, field production of vegetables and multifunctional agriculture, nursery stocks and fruits. We focus on species representing the most common pest-organism groups: aphids, true bugs, whiteflies, flies, midges, beetles and butterflies. To a large extent these pest species are native to the Dutch fauna. Exotic species, however, are becoming more and more part of Dutch agro-biodiversity, as a result of import by trade and by range-expansion, and because of climatic change. In arable farming and field production of vegetables, the number of exotic pest species is still relatively low, whereas in greenhouse horticulture, nursery stocks and fruits, the number of exotic species increases rapidly.