An introducing to important xylophagous pests (long horn beetles) of Iran.
The natural forests and rangelands of Iran are rich in their insect fauna. The survey caring out in many province of Iran during 1993-2005 and the long horn beetles were collected from these areas. Different setting of ecosystems such as forests, urban vicinities, poplar [Populus] plantations, poplar research stations, fruit garden, timberyards in many part of Iran had been visited and the beetles were captured directly by hand, light trap, sweeping net, chopping the infested logs of host trees. The collected specimens were identified and geographic distribution and economic importance of them were studied. Approximately 80 specimens were identified and 16 of them are pest of different trees and they have economic importance. These specimens belong to four subfamilies namely Prioninae, Lamiinae, Cerambycidae and Parandrinae and include the following species: Prioninae (Megopis scabricornis and Prionus coriarius); Lamiinae (Saperda spp., Oberea oculata, Morimus verecundus and Monochamus sutor); Cerambycidae (Osphranteria coerulescens, Cerambyx cerdo, Xenopachys matthiesseni, Aeolesthes sarta, Aromia moschata, Pseudophilus testaceus [Jebusaea hammerschmidtii], Derolus mauritanicus iranensis, Stromatium fulvum and Hylotrupes bajulus); and Parandrinae (Parandra caspia [Archandra caspia]).