Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

In vitro selection of Kütdiken lemon 20b to canditate for resistance to Phoma tracheiphila.

Abstract

Embryogenic callus of Kütdiken lemon highly sensitive to Phoma tracheiphila [Deuterophoma tracheiphila] was successfully used for selection via in vitro tolerance to diluted toxin of Phoma tracheiphila. Twenty-four callus masses were obtained after six consecutive subcultures on the medium supplemented with toxin and then these callus clusters selected were dual cultured with Phoma tracheiphila, Penicillium italicum, P. digitatum, Phytophthora citrophthora, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides [Glomerella cingulata], Phomopsis citri [Diaporthe citri], Diplodia natalensis [Botryodiplodia theobromae] and Geotrichum candidum. One stable resistant callus mass was selected and labelled as Kütdiken lemon 20b. The fungal growth of Phoma tracheiphila was strongly inhibited by culture liquid of Kütdiken lemon 20b cell suspension cultures in co-culture experiment comparing to sensitive Kütdiken lemon and moderate resistant Zagara Bianca. In addition, the same boiled liquid has inhibited the fungal growth. Rather than any pathogenesis related proteins as inhibitors to fungal development, an alternative cause for defence reaction may be secondary metabolites which are toxic to the fungus.