Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Orientational behaviors and EAG responses of male codling moth after exposure to synthetic sex pheromone from various dispensers.

Abstract

The effect of brief pheromone exposures on responses of codling moth (Cydia pomonella) males was tested by flight-tunnel and electroantennogram (EAG) studies. Males were preexposed to pheromone for up to 3 min as they sat in release cages or for shorter times (a few seconds to several min) upon initiating flights or orienting in plumes. Brief exposures to Isomate-C Plus dispensers nearly eliminated moth orientations to 0.1 mg codlemone [(E,E)-8,10-dodecadien-1-ol] and 0.1 mg three-component (codlemone/12OH/14OH, 100:20:5 ratio) lures 15 min later. However, there was no associated change in EAG responses between preexposed and control moths. Behavioral responses of Isomate-C Plus-exposed males were normal 24 hr following exposure. The reduced sexual responsiveness observed following exposure to Isomate dispensers appeared to be associated with an elevation of response threshold. Brief preexposure to 0.1 mg codlemone and three-component lures also reduced orientational behaviour of males 15 min later, but to a lesser degree than when preexposed to Isomate-C Plus dispensers. Male behaviour following preexposure to a 0.1 mg codlemone/pear ester [(2E,4Z)-2,4-decadienoate] lure (1:1 ratio) was no different from exposure to codlemone only. Orientational disruption in plots treated with 10 dispensers of Isomate-C Plus per tree was 88.3 and 95.9% for 1.0 and 0.1 mg codlemone lures, respectively. Some males did orient to 0.1 mg codlemone lures so we caution that flight-tunnel experiments on preexposure may overestimate the actual pheromone exposure dosage received by feral moths in treated orchards. Importantly, this work documents that a portion of feral males within a population has the capacity to overcome communicational disruption by high densities of Isomate-C Plus dispensers.