Diversity and economic importance of living gymnosperms in India.
This paper focuses on the species diversity and economic importance (e.g. as food, medicine and horticultural plants) of living Gymnosperms (including indigenous and introduced taxa) in India. It reports the occurrence of 101 species, 4 varieties and 1 forma belonging to 33 genera in the present political boundaries of the country. Out of these, 7 taxa are endemic to India: Amentotaxus assamica, Cycas beddomei [C. circinalis], C. circinalis var. orixensis, Gnetum montanum var. megalocarpum, G. contractum, G. latifolium var. macrocarpus and Pinus wallichiana var. parva.