Responses of 1-MCP application in plums stored under air and controlled atmospheres.
The potential of 1-MCP for controlling ripening in 'Angeleno' plum fruit under air and controlled atmosphere (CA) storage was explored, and the possibility that 1-MCP can inhibit development of brown rot caused by Monilinia laxa and internal breakdown in 'Fortune' and 'Angeleno' plums tested. After harvest, fruit were exposed to 300 and 500 nl l-1 (in 2003) and 500 nl l-1 1-MCP (in 2004) at low temperatures (0-3°C) for 24 h. After treatment the plums were stored in air at 0°C and 'Angeleno' fruit were also stored in CA storage (1.8% O2+2.5% CO2). Following storage, fruit were kept at 20°C. In 'Angeleno' fruit, 1-MCP was effective in delaying the loss of firmness and colour changes during holding at 20°C. 1-MCP reduced brown rot in fruit stored in CA but no significant reduction was found in air storage. Internal breakdown, a major physiological storage disorder in plums, was inhibited by 1-MCP treatment. Furthermore, since 1-MCP applied in air storage showed better results than the control in CA conditions, an application of 1-MCP before air storage could be the best way to reduce the ripening process for short or medium storage periods (40 and 60 days). CA storage plus 1-MCP treatment could be used for long periods (80 days).