Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

Pomegranate juice, total pomegranate ellagitannins, and punicalagin suppress inflammatory cell signaling in colon cancer cells.

Abstract

Phytochemicals from fruits such as the pomegranate (Punica granatum L) may inhibit cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis through the modulation of cellular transcription factors and signaling proteins. In previous studies, pomegranate juice (PJ) and its ellagitannins inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in HT-29 colon cancer cells. The present study examined the effects of PJ on inflammatory cell signaling proteins in the HT-29 human colon cancer cell line. At a concentration of 50 mg/L PJ significantly suppressed TNFα-induced COX-2 protein expression by 79% (SE=0.042), total pomegranate tannin extract (TPT) 55% (SE=0.049), and punicalagin 48% (SE=0.022). Additionally, PJ reduced phosphorylation of the p65 subunit and binding to the NFκB response element 6.4-fold. TPT suppressed NFκB binding 10-fold, punicalagin 3.6-fold, whereas ellagic acid (EA) (another pomegranate polyphenol) was ineffective. PJ also abolished TNFα-induced AKT activation, needed for NFκB activity. Therefore, the polyphenolic phytochemicals in the pomegranate can play an important role in the modulation of inflammatory cell signaling in colon cancer cells.