Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Eudarluca caricis. [Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria].

Abstract

A description is provided for Eudarluca caricis. Information is included on the disease caused by the organism, its transmission, geographical distribution, and hosts. DISEASE: Hyperparasitic on rust pustules. This species has been discussed as a potential biological control agent by various authors (PELHATE, 1961, and SEBESTA, 1963, according to ERIKSSON, 1966; GONZÁLEZ & CASTELLANOS, 1978). HOSTS: On many rust species (including Kuehneola malvicola, Phakopsora gossypii, Peridermium peckii, Puccinia cynodontis, P. fimbristylidis, P. gouaniae, P. huberi, P. levis, P. liberta, P. melampodii, P. melanocephala, P. polysora, P. purpurea, P. raunkaerii, P. sorghi, P. thaliae, Puccinia sp., Uredinales fam. indet., Uredo aeschynomensis, U. kyllingiae, U. commelinae, U. costaricensis, U. phaseoli, U. setariae-italicae, U. tenuicutis) associated with the following plants: Allium ampeloprasum, A. schoenoprasum (Alliaceae), Canna coccinea, C. glauca (Cannaceae), Commelina elegans (Commelinaceae), Centaurea scabiosa, Synedrella nodiflora, Wedelia rugosa (Compositae), Carex sp., Cyperus odoratus, Cyperus sp., Eleocharis interstincta, Eleocharis sp., Fimbristylis diphylla, Kyllinga sp., Rhynchospora micrantha (Cyperaceae), Andropogon sp., Arachis hypogaea, Cynodon dactylon, Digitaria decumbens, Eriochloa polystachys, Lasiacis divaricata, Panicum maximum, P. purpurascens, P. trichoides, Paspalum plicatulum, Pennisetum purpureum, Phragmites communis, Rhynchelytrum roseum, Sorghum bicolor, S. halepense, S. vulgare, Sporobolus indicus, Tripsacum laxum, Zea mays (Gramineae), Aeschynomene americana, Inga vera, Phaseolus vulgaris (Leguminosae), Althaea rosea, Gossypium barbadense, Hibiscus syriacus (Malvaceae), Rivina humilis (Phytolaccaceae), Gouania lupuloides (Rhamnaceae), Persica vulgaris, Potentilla canadensis, P. verna (Rosaceae), Salix fragilis, S. purpurea (Salicaceae). GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION: Ubiquitous. Records of the anamorph are as follows. AFRICA: Algeria. NORTH AMERICA: Canada, USA (NAG RAJ, 1993). CENTRAL AMERICA: American Virgin Islands (SEAVER, 1924, 1925), Cuba (COOK, 1906), Puerto Rico. SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Brazil. Ecuador. Venezuela (CHARDÓN & TORO, 1934). AUSTRALASIA: New Zealand. EUROPE: Austria, former Czechoslovakia, France, Germany. Records of the teleomorph are as follows. AFRICA: Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Libya, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda. NORTH AMERICA: USA. CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Puerto Rico. SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Brazil, Guyana [as British Guiana], Ecuador, Venezuela (ERIKSSON, 1966). ASIA: China, India, Japan, Malaysia (including North Borneo), former USSR. AUSTRALASIA: New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea. EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland. TRANSMISSION: By air-borne conidia.