Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Nematospora coryli. [Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria].

Abstract

A description is provided for Nematospora coryli. Information is included on the disease caused by the organism, its transmission, geographical distribution, and hosts. HOSTS: On seeds of Gossypium hirsutum. Also on Anacardium occidentale, Citrus spp., Coffea spp., Corylus avellana, Crotalaria juncea, C. striata, Cajanus cajan, Dolichos lablab, Phaseolus atropurpureus, P. acutifolius, P. lunatus, P. vulgaris, Tephrosia wegelii and Vigna sinensis[Vigna unguiculata] (5: 390; Leach, 1940; Pearson & Maxwell Darling, 1958). DISEASE: Yeast spot of bean and a large number of other seeds, Internal Boll Rot or Cotton staining or Stigmatomycosis. Cotton lint becomes dirty yellow and seeds are shrivelled. Spots mostly on the fruit and other fleshy parts or on the seed. On Lima bean cotyledons the lesions are a dark brown, sunken, wrinkled areas. After infection, beans cease developing and later become dwarfed or die. The earlier the attack, the more injury the bean sustains (Chupp & Sherf, 1960). Infection occurs only when the fruits are young and the atmosphere humid. GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION: Mostly in Africa and Asia but has been reported from U.S.A. and Europe (4: 90; 26: 93; CMI Map 163, ed. 3, 1959). TRANSMISSION: Mechanically transmitted from plant to plant by pentatomid bugs of the genera Antestiopsis, Nezara and Dysdercus nigrofasciatus. The yeast always enters through insect punctures (5: 390; 14: 507; 23: 207). Its dissemination is favoured by bright sunny days which facilitate the movement of the carrier from one plant to another (Chupp & Sherf, 1960).