Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Genotyping of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and M. synoviae by Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) analysis and digitalized Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis.

Abstract

Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) and M. synoviae (MS) are the cause of considerable economic losses in the poultry industry. Molecular differentiation of avian Mycoplasma strains may be helpful in tracing infections and in the evaluation of implemented intervention strategies. Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) has shown to be a powerful typing technique but the application for poultry Mycoplasma strains is very limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility and discriminatory power of AFLP HindIII/HhaI and AFLP BglII/Mfel for the inter- and intraspecies differentiation of avian mycoplasmas and to compare these test characteristics with digitalized Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. The reproducibility of RAPD, AFLP HindIII/HhaI and AFLP BglII/Mfel was 50-100, 97-98 and 86-99%, respectively. RAPD and both AFLP enzyme combinations were able to differentiate between five avian Mycoplasma species. For AFLP, five MG and four MS clusters could be identified. The phylogenetic tree for both enzyme combinations was comparable. For RAPD, four MG clusters could be identified. For MS, however, due to the poor reproducibility of the RAPD technique, no clear genogroups could be identified. On basis of the results of this study it can be concluded that AFLP is a powerful technique for the genotyping of avian mycoplasmas and that, although AFLP HindIII/HhaI generated patterns with less fragments, the final results showed homologous results.