Acarofauna associated with coconut fruits (Cocos nucifera L.) from some localities in America.
Phytophagous and predatory mites associated with fruits of coconut from Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, USA and Venezuela were identified in this study. Three species of phytophagous mites (two Eriophyidae, one Tarsonemidae), four species of predatory mites (two Ascidae, two Phytoseiidae), and two species with unknown feeding habit (one Eupodidae, one Tydeidae) were found. Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Eriophyidae) were found in samples from Alagoas, Bahia, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe and São Paulo, Brazil; and also from Cuba, Mexico, USA and Venezuela. Amrineus cocofolius Flechtmann (Eriophyidae) was found in samples from Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Sergipe, Brazil, from Colombia and from Mexico. The tarsonemid Steneotarsonemus furcatus De Leon was found on fruits from Alagoas, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Sergipe, Brazil. Symptoms observed on fruits infested by these phytophagous mites were described. The Ascidae species found were Proctolaelaps longipilis Chant and Proctolaelaps sp.; and the Phytoseiidae species were Typhlodromus (Anthoseius) ornatus (Denmark & Muma) and Typhlodromalus manihoti (Moraes). For our knowledge, these predator species were registered for the first time from coconut fruits around the world.