Regeneration potential of mid-hill Himalayan grasslands of Himachal Pradesh.
An experiment was conducted in a natural grassland located in Palampur (Kangra Valley), Himachal Pradesh, India, during 1997-98, to investigate the effects of protection on the production and regeneration potential of the grasslands. Trifolium repens (69.7%), Pennisetum clandestinum (12.5%), Chrysopogon gryllus (7.0%), Paspalum notatum (5.8%) and Imperata cylindrica (5.0%) dominated the grasslands situated on flat portion. During the month of May, the mixed grasslands produced the maximum herbage (26.87 tonnes/ha fresh and 4.8 tonnes/ha dry). It is suggested that the ideal grassland should comprise both grasses and legumes, and to achieve higher biomass yields, It is essential to protect the grasslands from indiscriminate grazing.