Detection of seed mycoflora of chick pea (Cicer arietinum L.).
Nine fungal species, namely, Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Curvularia lunata [Cochliobolus lunatus], Fusarium moniliforme [Gibberella moniliformis], Helminthosporium sativum [Cochliobolus sativum], Mucor sp., Penicillium notatum and Rhizopus nigricans [R. stolonifer], were observed on seven seed samples of chickpea. All fungi developed on agar and blotter paper, except for P. notatum which developed on agar plate only. Genotype Plant G 186 was found to harbour the maximum number of fungal species (all the nine species), followed by Udai, Radhey, Pragati, Pusa 286, K-850 and Awarodhi. Alternaria alternata, Mucor sp. and R. nigricans were observed on the seeds of all the genotypes. Aspergillus flavus was the next dominant fungal species observed on six genotypes. Aspergillus niger and F. moniliforme were observed on five, H. sativum on four, C. lunata on three and P. notatum on two genotypes.