Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Africa invaded: the growing danger of invasive alien species.

Abstract

This booklet (available online at www.gisp.org) is intended to raise awareness of the threat of invasive alien species (IAS), and to promote the implementation of the relevant provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity. An introduction to the global IAS issue discusses associated socio-economic costs (with particular reference to developing countries) and human health and biodiversity costs. The Convention on Biological Diversity and the Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) are outlined. The majority of the booklet is concerned with the prominent IAS issues currently facing Africa, providing brief case studies for: Lantana camara, Chromolaena odorata, Acacia spp., Parthenium hysterophorus, Prosopis spp., Leucaena leucocephala, Eichhornia crassipes, Salvinia molesta, Caulerpa taxifolia, harmful algal blooms, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Carcinus maenas, Procambarus clarkii, Myocastor coypus, Lates niloticus, Cyprinus carpio, Tilapia spp., Corvus splendens, Passer domesticus, Anas platyrhynchos, Sturnus vulgaris, Acridotheres tristis, Euglandina rosea, Macaca fascicularis, Linepithema humile, Rattus spp., Hemitragus jemlahicus, feral farm animals, Trogoderma granarium, Mononychellus tanajoa, Aleurodicus dispersus, and Prostephanus truncatus. A small selection of African species which have invaded other parts of the world are highlighted: grasses, Carpobrotus edulis, Delairea odorata, Chrysanthemoides moniliferum, Achatina fulica, Chamaeleo jacksonii xanthalophuster, Xenopus laevis, Bubulcus ibis, Cercopithecus aethiops and West Nile virus.