Isolate and organ-specific QTLs for ascochyta blight resistance in faba bean (Vicia faba L).
The main objective of the present study was to locate the genomic regions responsible for ascochyta blight resistance in faba bean. Six QTLs were identified with the help of a linkage map constructed from a F2 population from the cross between the inbred lines 29H (resistant) and VF136 (susceptible). Two pathogenically distinct Ascochyta isolates were used to study the genetic control against them and disease evaluations were performed separately on leaves and stems to investigate whether different genetic systems control resistance in each plant organ, as previously suggested. The six QTLs detected were named Af3 to Af8. Af3 and Af4 were effective against both Ascochyta isolates, Af5 was only effective against isolate CO99-01 while Af6, Af7 and Af8 were only effective against isolate LO98-01. Af3, Af4, Af5 and Af7 were revealed in both leaves and stems. By contrast, Af6 was only effective in leaves and Af8 only in stems. The validity and application of these results in a MAS program is discussed.