Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Fungi associated with seeds of Coffea arabica.

Abstract

Thirty-four samples of dried coffee seeds collected from farmers in the western highlands of Cameroon were tested for the presence of fungi, following the blotter method commonly used for seed health testing. The samples were infected with two pathogens of coffee (Fusarium moniliforme [Gibberella moniliformis] and F. solani). Many other fungi were also recorded (Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. fumigatus, A. ochraceus, A. versicolor, Beauveria bassiana, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Curvularia lunata [Cochliobolus lunatus], F. pallidoroseum, Macrophomina phaseolina, Penicillium atramentosum, P. aurantiogriseum and P. chrysogenum). The pathogen of coffee berry disease, Colletotrichum kahawae, was not found and it is concluded that this fungus earlier reported in freshly harvested coffee seeds does not survive after drying. Movement of dried coffee seeds is probably very safe in respect to this pathogen.