Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

QTLs for resistance to powdery mildew in pepper under natural and artificial infections.

Abstract

Epidemics of powdery mildew due to Leveillula taurica is an increasing problem in pepper production areas, particularly in coastal regions or greenhouse cultivation. The highly resistant genitor 'H3' was submitted to genetic analysis and QTL mapping in order to promote the introgression of its oligogenic resistance into large and sweet-fruited cultivars. The doubled-haploid progeny from the cross 'H3' (resistant) by 'Vania' (susceptible) was tested for resistance under both natural field infection and artificial inoculation tests, and QTL detection was compared for those two methods. Seven genomic regions including additive QTLs and epistatic interactions were detected, explaining altogether the major part of genotypic variance. Two genomic regions were common to both the evaluation methods, whereas other QTLs were method-specific, reflecting the environment dependence of powdery mildew epidemics. Orthologies with tomato genomic regions carrying resistance genes to L. taurica and Oidium lycopersicum were revealed by comparative mapping with pepper. Tight linkages between the detected QTLs and virus resistance or fruit color traits in pepper were also shown, which adds to the agronomic importance of these regions in pepper breeding programs.