Occurrence of fruit flies in coffee varieties in the State of Saõ Paulo, Brazil.
A field survey was conducted from March 1998 to July 2000 to identify the Tephritoidea species and fruit fly parasitoids association with coffee (Coffea spp.) in different areas of São Paulo, Brazil. More than 124 000 berries (159.0 kg; 106 samples) were collected from twelve coffee cultivars and hybrids. Approximately 19 450 puparia and 13 501 adults of Tephritoidea were recovered. An average infestation of 0.075 puparium of Tephritoidea per fruit and 58.8 puparia/kg of fruit were estimated from the total samples. The percentage of samples infested by Teprhitidae was higher that 92%. Anastrepha and Ceratitis capitata adults were obtained from 67 and 71% of the samples, respectively. Approximately 89.2% of adults were Tephritidae and 10.8% were Lochaeidae. Above 70% of Tephritidae adults corresponded to C. capitata. From 1677 Anastrepha females only A. fraterculus was found. Four species of Braconidae parasitoids were recovered: Doryctobracon areolatus, D. brasiliensis, Utetes anastrephae and Opius sp. Eucoilinae specimens (Aganaspis pelleranoi) were also recorded.