An annotated list of pests infesting cashew in Konkan Region of Maharashtra.
Since 1982, various stages of pests infesting cashew crops and their predators have been collected from the Regional Fruit Research Station, Vengurle, Maharashtra, India. A total of 47 pests were collected. Of these, tea mosquito bug (Helopeltis antonii), flower thrips (Rhynchothrips raoensis [Liothrips raoensis], Scirtothrips dorsalis, Liothrips sp. and Haplothrips sp.) and stem and root borers (Plocaederus ferrugineus, P. obesus and Batocera rufomaculata) were observed as major pests. Apple and nut borer (Nephopteryx [Nephopterix] sp.), mealy bugs (Ferrisia virgata and Planococcoides robustus), shoot tip larva (Hypatima haligramma), leaf and blossom webbers (Macalla moncusalis [Lamida moncusalis] and Orthaga exvinacea) and leafminer (Acrocercops syngramma) were secondary important pests. Ten natural enemies were recorded during this survey. Heavy predation with chrysopa, particularly Meloida sp., was observed on mealy bugs. A list of pests of cashew crops and their natural enemies observed in Maharashtra, India is provided.