Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Red pines in the valleys of Reuss and Limmat.

Abstract

Symptoms caused by Sphaeropsis sapinea are described from Switzerland. Trees in gardens and the town of Lenzburg were affected in the summer of 2002. The role of heavy hail storms (reducing the natural defence systems of pines) is discussed.