Weed management in lawns and sports turf.
The classification, impact (including that on aesthetic quality, playing surface uniformity, periodic growth patterns and senescence, persistence and tolerance to wear and accurate identification of turfgrass in lawns), habitat and adaptation of weeds infesting turfgrass in Australia are discussed. The control of these weeds (i.e. use of appropriate sward species/cultivars and plant growth regulators, cultural, chemical and biological) are also included. Examples of weed management systems, including the establishment of winter grass in bentgrass (Agrostis sp.), couch (Cynodon sp.) in bentgrass bowling and golf greens, algae in bentgrass bowling greens, Pennisetum clandestinum in couch golf course fairways and playing fields, and Digitaria sanguinalis and Eleusine indica in couch and P. clandestinum sports turf, are provided.