Invasive Species Compendium

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Abstract

Soilborne fungi in wheat fields of Kırka Vicinity (Eskișehir-Turkey).

Abstract

The quantity, quality, the seasonal and ecological variation of microfungi in soil samples collected with Brown's technique from the five wheat fields of Kırka Vicinity, Eskișehir between August 1995 and May 1996 were studied. The dilution plate technique was used for isolation of microfungi. The number of microfungi ranged from 20 000 to 275 000 CFU. A total of 11 genera (Alternaria, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Gliocladium, Microdochium, Papularia [Apiospora], Penicillium, Rhizopus, Talaromyces, Trichoderma, Verticillium) and 28 species (Alternaria alternata, A. radicina, Aspergillus flavipes, A. ficuum, A. fumigatus, A. niveus [Fennellia nivea], A. nutans, A. parvulus, A. terricola, A. wentii, Cladosporium herbarum, Gliocladium roseum, Microdochium nivale [Monographella nivalis], Penicillium adametzii, P. allahabadense [P. pinophilum], P. citrinum, P. commune, P. crateriforme [P. rubrum], P. decumbens, P. estinogenum [P. melinii], P. lanosum, P. olsonii, P. paneum, P. piceum, P. restrictum, P. rugulosum, P. velutinum, Talaromyces wortmannii [P. kloeckeri]) were determined. G. roseum and A. wentii were the most common species and both were detected in 5 separate stations. The probability of being new for Turkish soil mycobiota is high for A. nutans, P. allahabadense, P. crateriforme and P. paneum species.