Catalog of Acanthaceae in El Salvador.
Sixty-seven species in 31 genera of Acanthaceae are documented from El Salvador. Forty-three of these are native to the country, including the following nine species, which are reported from El Salvador for the first time: Anisacanthus tetracaulis, Chileranthemum pyramidatum, Dicliptera membranacea, Dicliptera sp., Dyschoriste hirsutissima, Justicia ramosa, Ruellia hookeriana, R. paniculata, and Tetramerium tenuissimum. Thirty-four (79%) of the native species have been collected in El Salvador since 1960. The catalogue of Salvadoran Acanthaceae presented includes the following information for each species: department(s) of occurrence, collections examined, local name(s), and medicinal/economic uses.