Commercial forest plantations in Malaysia present and future.
Commercial tree planting in Malaysia started with Hevea brasiliensis (rubber) in the early 1900's after it was introduced into the country in 1877. The rubber tree was mainly planted for latex. Although forest tree planting especially indigenous tree species such as dipterocarp species was started earlier than rubber, but it was not managed as intensively as rubber. This was probably due to the wealth of natural forest for timber production at that time. The experimental plots of dipterocarp were first established in Malaysia in 1880, notably within the Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) in Kepong. In the early 1900's, dipterocarp and non-dipterocarp species like Dyera costulata, Neobalanopcarpus heimii, Dryobalanops aromatica, Dipterocarpus baudii, Shorea leprosula, Shorea laevis, Shorea parvifolia, Shorea hypochra, Shorea bracteolata, Shorea curtisii, Shorea macrophylla, Anisoptera sp., Hopea odorata and Hopea latifolia were successfully planted in line planting in logged over forests, secondary forest resulting from land clearing for food cultivation, devastated forest areas and left-over tin-mining areas.