Biochemical characterization of Mycoplasma bovirhinis, Mycoplasma dispar and recent bovine isolates of Mycoplasma canis.
The pattern and kinetics of substrate utilization by the type strains of M. canis, M. bovirhinis and M. dispar and 10 recent M. canis isolates from cattle were determined. Metabolism of a range of sugars and organic acids by M. dispar was detectable by measurement of oxygen uptake. Organic acids were not utilized by M. bovirhinis or M. canis, and there was no oxygen uptake during metabolism of glucose or other sugars, as monitored by a pH-change method. The M. canis strains varied in their ability to metabolize sugars; 7 of the isolates from cattle had the distinctive ability to metabolize sucrose, and one isolate, plus the type strain (from a dog), metabolized N-acetylglucosamine. The M. bovirhinis strain metabolized maltose. However, all the test strains oxidized glycerol at high rates and with a high affinity. Oxidation of glycerol has been reported for other mycoplasmas from the bovine respiratory tract, which leads to the production of hydrogen peroxide, a potential virulence factor.