Bracken distribution in Great Britain: strategies for its control and the sustainable management of marginal land.
The success of control measures for bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) is considered and a synthesis of the understanding of bracken control and ecology is attempted to give a coherent structure for considering bracken control within a sustainable land use strategy. The holocene history of bracken distribution is summarized and the current distribution and extent of bracken in the UK is discussed. The influence of land use changes on future bracken expansion is outlined. The efficacy of control by cutting and asulam application is considered, with reference to succession and alternative strategies.