Cloning of a genomic DNA encoding caffeoyl-coenzyme A 3-O-methyltransferase of citrus.
In recent studies, we found that Apl1 (a PthA homologue) bound to three Citrus proteins. Amino acid sequence analysis revealed that one of the target proteins was homologous to that of S-adenosyl-smallcap˜L-methionine: trans-caffeoyl-coenzyme A 3-O-methyltransferase (CCoAMT), an enzyme which is specific for the substrate trans-caffeoyl-CoA and catalyses the synthesis of trans-feruloyl-CoA. From the consensus nucleotide sequences of CCoAMT genes, primers were chosen for PCR amplification of this gene from citrus total DNA. Two selected DNA fragments of 1.0 kb and 2.0 kb were obtained. These fragments were used as the probe to screen a citrus library. One clone, pCC100, contained a 1.0-kb SalI fragment that hybridized to the probes. The nucleotide sequence of this fragment was determined in both directions. In this fragment, there was an open reading frame of 232 amino acids interrupted by an intron of 106 nt, and the deduced amino acid sequence had 95.9% homology to tobacco CCoAMT. Southern blot analysis of total citrus DNA showed that four EcoRI fragments hybridized to the probes, suggesting the presence of more than one copy of CCoAMT in the citrus DNA.