Detection of Oestrus ovis and associated risk factors in sheep from the central region of Yucatan, Mexico.
A cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted in order to detect the presence of and to estimate the seroprevalence of O. ovis infection in flocks of sheep from the central region of the state of Yucatan, Mexico. The risk factors associated with disease were also identified. A sample size of 10 animals per farm was used to detect seropositive animals. Blood samples of 689 sheep from 88 flocks were collected and a questionnaire with questions about the flock and the host was applied. The thin layer immune assay test was used. The risk factors were screened using logistic regression procedures. 77% of the flocks had at least one-positive animal with antibodies against O. ovis. The overall seroprevalence and standard error was 30.6±3.5%. Only flock size and sheep nose colour showed association (P<0.05) with the disease. The odds ratios for flocks with <11 and with 11-25 sheep, as related to herds with 25 or more sheep, were 0.74 and 1.73, respectively. Sheep with dark noses had a higher risk (OR=1.46) compared with sheep having light noses (P<0.05).