Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Clinical findings observed in some ostrich-farms in Campania during the period 1997-1998.

Abstract

30% of the ostrich farms in Campania, Italy, were visited. Ostriches were housed differently from between 3 and 40 breeding birds. Only some farms organized the complete management of eggs, their collection, storage and incubation. The clinical findings reported were due to infectious diseases and to different pathologies related to incorrect management. Salmonellosis, colibacillosis, aspergillosis, candidosis and avian pox were isolated the most frequent infectious diseases, while parasite problems were rarely identified. Proventricular-ventricular impaction and pathologies due to ingestion of foreign material were found in young ostrich chicks and in adult birds submitted to PM examination. The birds examined showed also yolk sac retention, hydrocephalus and anasarca due to bad incubator conditions. Abnormalities and deformities of limbs, multiple feet and tibiotarsal rotation, were, respectively, assigned to congenital disorders, and malnutritional and metabolic imbalances. Traumatic lesions to limbs and to the head, caused by transport conditions or by accidents on the farm were also identified.