Genetic mapping of Hessian fly avirulence gene vH6 using bulked segregant analysis.
The discovery of the first molecular genetic marker that is tightly linked to a Hessian fly (Mayetiola destructor) avirulence gene is described. This dominant DNA polymorphism (OPG15-1) was identified using bulked segregant analysis and arbitrary primers in polymerase chain reactions. Bulked segregant analysis was modified to accommodate the anomalous chromosome cycle of the Hessian fly. It was used to identify DNA polymorphisms linked to the gene (vH6) that confers avirulence to the resistance gene H6 in wheat. OPG15-1 was cloned and sequenced, and a pair of site-specific primers were designed that converted it into a codominant single-stranded conformational polymorphism. Both OPG15-1 and vH6 were shown to be X-linked, and the genetic distance between the two loci was 2.5 ± 2.5 cM. In situ hybridization to polytene chromosomes of larval salivary glands indicated that OPG15-1 resides near the centromere of Hessian fly chromosome X1.