An apparently new virus (family Paramyxoviridae) infectious for pigs, humans, and fruit bats.
In 1997, the pregnancy rate and litter size at a piggery in New South Wales, Australia, decreased significantly, while the proportion of mummified fetuses increased. An apparently new virus in the family Paramyxoviridae was isolated from the stillborn piglets with deformities. Serological evidence of infection was found in pigs at the affected piggery and 2 associated piggeries, in humans exposed to infected pigs, and in fruit bats. Menangle virus is proposed as a common name for this agent, should further studies confirm that it is a newly recognized virus.