Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Prevalence of respiratory and lymphotropic viruses in turkeys in Belgium.

Abstract

During the winter of 1995-1996, blood was collected from 325 turkeys from 13 Belgian turkey fattening farms (25 samples/farm) at slaughter. Antibodies against paramyxovirus (PMV) 1, 2 and 3, influenza virus A, turkey rhinotracheitis virus, the antigenically related herpesviruses (Marek's disease virus and turkey herpesvirus) as well as infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) serotype 1 and 2 were detected. Turkey rhinotracheitis virus and either Marek's disease virus or turkey herpesvirus had been present in all farms. Antibodies against influenza virus A were detected in turkeys from 3 farms and antibodies against IBDV serotype 2 were found in turkeys from 2 farms. None of the flocks had been infected with PMV-2, PMV-3 or IBDV serotype 1. The interpretation of the serological results for PMV-1 was difficult due to the compulsory vaccination against this virus.