Eucalypt domestication and breeding.
A handbook is presented on eucalypt domestication and breeding. There are over 500 species in the Eucalyptus genus, which is remarkably adaptable. The 10 most important species around the world, including Eucalyptus grandis, Eucalyptus paniculata, Eucalyptus globulus, Eucalyptus saligna, Eucalyptus citriodora and Eucalyptus robusta, will cover an area exceeding 10 million ha by the year 2000. Subjects discussed include: (1) sources of Eucalyptus seed; (2) interspecific hybrids; (3) vegetative propagation; (4) advantages and disadvantages of Eucalyptus plantations; (5) taxonomy; (6) land races and conservation of genetic resources; (7) matching species and provenances to sites; (8) climatic analysis for species selection; (9) testing species and provenances; (10) breeding strategies and breeding plans; (11) the reproductive biology of eucalypts; (12) selection and breeding; (13) seed production; and (14) mass vegetative propagation. The major eucalypt species are reviewed separately, with details on provenance variation, natural forests, plantations, wood properties, and resistance to injurious factors. KEYWORDS: TROPAG | Eucalyptus camaldulensis | Eucalyptus deglupta | Eucalyptus delegatensis | Eucalyptus nitens | Eucalyptus fastigata | Eucalyptus regnans | Eucalyptus | plant breeding | botany | genetic resources | plant propagation | cultivation.