Studies on some oculopathies with reference to organisms and their sensitivity in animals.
Ocular swabs were obtained from 25 clinical cases (14 dogs and 11 cattle) of eye diseases (15 conjunctivitis, 4 keratitis, 1 keratoconjunctivitis, 1 corneal ulcer and 4 ocular injuries) presented at Punjab Agricultural University, India. Bacterial isolates from these samples included Staphylococcus aureus (n=13), Escherichia coli (9), Pseudomonas spp. (4), Staphylococcus epidermidis (4), Streptococcus pyogenes (4) and Bacillus spp. (4). In vitro drug sensitivity tests showed that gentamicin and chloramphenicol were most effective drugs whereas polymyxin B, bacitracin, ampicillin and streptomycin were least effective. An improvement of condition was observed in 18 animals following treatment with chloramphenicol 1% eye drops and gentamicin sulfate 0.3% eye drops.