Construction of Brassica B genome synteny groups based on chromosomes extracted from three different sources by phenotypic, isozyme and molecular markers.
The three B genomes of Brassica contained in B. nigra, B. carinata and B. juncea were dissected by addition in B. napus. Using phenotypic, isozyme and molecular markers 8 alien B-genome chromosomes from B. nigra and B. carinata and 7 from B. juncea were characterized by constructing synteny groups. The alien chromosomes of the three different sources showed extensive intragenomic recombinations that were detected by the presence of the same loci in more than one synteny group but flanked by different markers. In addition, intergenomic recombinations were observed. These were evident in euploid AACC plants of the rape phenotype derived from the addition lines carrying a few markers from the B genome due to translocations and recombinations between non-homoeologous chromosomes. The high plasticity of the Brassica genomes may have been an powerful factor in directing their evolution by hybridization and amphiploidy.