Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

The nutritive value of monkey pod (Samanea saman).

Abstract

The results of chemical analysis of pods, pulpy mesocarps and seeds of S. saman [Albizia saman] are presented. Mean moisture content was 4.11±0.06, 58.42±1.62 and 6.19±0.24%, respectively. Pods and seeds had oil 0.82±0.02 and 11.20±0.20, crude protein (CP) 28.48±0.28 and 30.37±0.60, crude fibre 33.40±0.35 and 16.15±0.10, total carbohydrate 26.73±0.16 and 34.89±0.08, ash 4.16±0.03 and 2.16±0.04%. The light brown seed oil had free fatty acids 5.62±0.38%, acid value 8.36±0.49, saponification value 192.75±4.20, iodine value 92.62±3.10 and peroxide value 4.05±0.26. Unsaturated fatty acids made up 90% of the 9 fatty acids detected. Seed protein was rich in tryptophan and lysine (16.24 and 14.98 g/100 g). Methionine and proline were the most limiting amino acids. The pulpy mesocarp contained 32.65% sugars with fructose predominant (16.20±0.14%). Potassium and sodium in seeds were 1.86±0.07 and 0.98±0.08 g/100 g. It is concluded that seeds may be suitable for feeding cattle and poultry with a complimentary cereal. Pods are considered unsuitable for animal feeds because of a high ash content.