Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Canine leishmaniasis in northern Lebanon.

Abstract

Twenty-six stray dogs were culled in northern Lebanon and blood and tissue samples were examined for the presence of Leishmania donovani. Immunofluorescence and ELISA both indicated that 3 of the dogs were seropositive; cell culture was positive only for the spleen of one dog. The cultured promastigotes were subjected to random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis and electrophoresis; the major band was similar to the 800-bp band obtained from a reference strain of L. infantum infantum (a member of the L. donovani complex) and was distinct from the 900-bp band obtained from a reference strain of L. tropica. This is the first confirmation of an animal reservoir of Leishmania in Lebanon and supports the theory that L. donovani-type parasites are responsible for cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the north of the country.