Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Home gardens as a springboard for agroforestry development in Amazonia.

Abstract

Home gardens are an often overlooked resource for agricultural development. Home gardens were surveyed in both the upland rural areas of Pará (where 33 home gardens were surveyed in 1992 and 1994 for plants other than ornamental, herbaceous medicinal and vegetables) and the floodplain areas of the Brazilian Amazon (where 18 home gardens were surveyed at 6 sites in 1993 and 1994 for plants other than ornamental, herbaceous medicinal and vegetables). The home gardens contained a wealth of promising material that could be planted on a wider scale for income generation and restoring degraded habitats. Over 70 perennial species are cultivated in dooryard gardens in Amazonia, and new domesticated plants are being constantly recruited from the surrounding forest; forest conservation and agroforestry development are thus linked. The paper gives details of the 77 indigenous and exotic species found in Pará, with notes on their occurrence in fields, second growth vegetation and forests, and of the 80 species found in floodplain gardens, with notes on which occur wild. Local uses are also given for the plants found in both areas.