Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Manual of standards for diagnostic tests and vaccines: lists A and B diseases of mammals, birds and bees.

Abstract

The purpose of this Manual is to contribute to the harmonization of methods of surveillance and control of important animal diseases. Standard methods are described for laboratory diagnostic tests and the production and control of biological products (principally vaccines) for veterinary use in laboratories. The availability of such standards should increase the effectiveness of measures undertaken to improve animal health world-wide. The Manual complements the International Animal Health Code in that standard methods are given for the diagnostic tests and for the control of biological products referred to in the Code. Volumes I, II and III of the Manual were first published in 1989, 1990 and 1991, respectively, and a combined volume (second edition) was released in October 1992. This third edition contains essentially the same information. The Manual chapters include detailed descriptions of all prescribed tests required by the Code for the screening of animals before they are transported internationally. All the OIE Lists A and B diseases (excluding fish diseases) are covered in this volume, including the 5 honey bee diseases in List B: acariosis (Acarapis woodi infestation), American foul brood (Bacillus larvae [Paenibacillus larvae]), European foul brood (Melissococcus pluton), nosemosis (Nosema apis) and varroosis (Varroa jacobsoni).<new para>ADDITIONAL ABSTRACT:<new para>Laboratory tests for 100 diseases of domestic animals (including poultry and bees, but excluding companion animals, fish and shellfish), necessary for the purposes of international trade, are described in detail, together with methods of testing vaccines and immune sera. It is the work of 119 experts throughout the world, under guidance of the OIE Standards Commission. Previous editions were published in 1989/91 and 1992. Because of the need for regular updates, it is intended to produce further editions at intervals of 4 years.