Phenological and ecomorphological characterization of Andalusian cork oak forests, Malaga, Spain.
Ecomorphological and phenological data were collected for 16 species in a wet Quercus suber forest in southern Spain. Flower buds formed in winter-spring, flowering occurred in spring, fruit setting in summer, seed dispersal in autumn, vegetative growth in spring and leaf shedding in summer. These forests are climactic evergreen woodland communities which show vegetative growth throughout the year. They are multilayered semisclerophyllous forests dominated by phanerophytes, with slightly tomentose leaves which last more than one year. These plants are adapted for vegetative regeneration after fire by means of above- and below-ground epicormic buds.