Ethnobotany of Kols of Uttar Pradesh.
During an ethnobotanical survey and field work, 270 plant species belonging to 214 genera and 78 families, utilized by the Kols for various purposes, were recorded. Of these, 128 species are utilized for food, 194 for medicines, 67 for materials, 20 for dyes, 10 for gums and resin, 12 for oils, 11 for fish poisons, 49 for socio- and magico-religious beliefs, 44 for fodders, 24 for fuelwood, 3 for drink and narcotics, and 10 for miscellaneous purposes. Species like Acacia leucophloea, A. nilotica subsp. indica, Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, Aegle marmelos, Boswellia serrata, Butea monosperma, Carissa opaca, Lannea coromandelica, Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia, Acacia catechu and Azadirachta indica are important for their day-to-day needs.