Major weeds of rabi and kharif crops and their control.
Information is given on weeds dominant in broad agro-ecological situations (in relation to the seasons and crops in which they are a problem). More specific weeds are mentioned which result in reduced yields in many crops in India. Data are tabulated on the 20 most important weeds, their associations with crops and seasons, and control measures. Information is presented under the following headings: weeds of kharif crops and their control, including rice, maize and sorghum, sugarcane, pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum], kharif oilseeds (groundnuts, soyabeans, castor [Ricinus communis], sesame, sunflower and niger [Guizotia abyssinica]), cotton, kharif pulses (mung beans [Vigna radiata], pigeon peas, horse gram [Macrotyloma uniflorum] and moth beans [Vigna aconitifolia]), and jute and mesta [Hibiscus cannabinus]; weed flora of rabi crops and their control, including wheat, rabi oilseeds (rapeseed-mustard [Brassica], linseed and safflower) and rabi pulses (lentils, chickpeas and peas); and other dominant weeds and their control, including Solanum elagnifolium [S. elaeagnifolium], Oxalis latifolia, Avena [sterilis subsp.] ludoviciana, A. fatua, Imperata cylindrica, Parthenium hysterophorus, Alhagi comelorum, Pluchea lanceolata and Saccharum spontaneum.