Implementation of integrated pest control.
Integrated pest control and its applicability to fruit crops in Chile is discussed. The fundamentals of integrated pest control are presented, including biology and ecology, natural control, sampling and monitoring, economic thresholds, cultural and biological control, and chemical control. The advancement and results of research in Chile are discussed, with special reference to grapes, comprising: biological control of Pseudococcus affinis on grapes; manual control of Parthenolecanium corni on grapes; control of Quadraspidiotus perniciosus with winter applications of oil; relation of thrips at flowering with table grapes; and Drepanothrips reuteri. It is concluded that it is possible to reduce the use of pesticides considerably.