Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Multipurpose trees for agroforestry and wasteland utilisation.

Abstract

This book is the sixth volume in the series on agroforestry research and practice started in 1990 by Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development and Oxford & IBH Publishing, India. Part I of the book 'Introduction' (pp. 1-67) gives an overview of the use of multipurpose trees in environmental protection, for the rehabilitation of waste lands, and by small and marginal farmers and the landless. The major section in this part discusses multipurpose trees in relation to the ecological regions of India, delineating the major phytogeographical zones and their vegetation types, and listing and describing the various agroforestry systems utilizing multipurpose trees in the different regions of the country. A table lists the multipurpose trees involved, giving details of the agroclimatic region in which each is used, the agroforestry system, propagation and planting date, ecological characteristics and major uses (these are also discussed). Part II makes up most of the rest of the book (pp. 69-532), and consists of descriptions of multipurpose trees, listed in order of genus (or type) and species. The genera included are Acacia, Albizia, Anogeissus, bamboos (Dendrocalamus), Bauhinia, Eucalyptus, Ficus, mangroves, Melia azedarach, mulberry (Morus alba), Murraya koenigii, palms (Borassus flabellifer, Cocos nucifera, Elaeis guineensis, Orbignya phalerata), Pinus (P. roxburghii, P. wallichiana), Prosopis, Pterocarpus marsupium, oak (Quercus), Robinia pseudoacacia, Salvadora, Santalum album, Sesbania bispinosa, Syzygium cumini, Tamarindus indica, Tectona grandis, Terminalia, Toona, willow (Salix) and Ziziphus. The descriptions include details of plant ecology, morphology, distribution, silvicultural characters and requirements, silviculture, pests and uses. There are references after each species description, as well as at the end of the book. Two annexes give lists of multipurpose trees (1) in different regions of the world, and (2) as identified by ICRAF. A subject index (consisting mainly of species) is included.