Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

A forest arboretum in the dry zone.

Abstract

This monograph gives an account of the IFS-Popham Arboretum, set up as a representative forest stand of dry zone lowland in Sri Lanka, and developed from a previously degraded area of forest land near Kandalama, in Dambulla region, within reach of Kandy. The arboretum comprises a standing assemblage of forest types adapted to the dry zone, and contains many indigenous species (particularly trees) typical of dry zone forest. Some of these are endemics. The species diversity and fairly well conserved soil in the arboretum have improved the habitat and given the arboretum the character of a developing forest ecosystem, which replicates the characteristics of other natural forests of the region, thus offering numerous possibilities for research. The monograph has 3 parts: A. Introduction - significance of the arboretum, geography and history, geology and soil; B. Vegetation - general characteristics and phenology, tree synusia and undergrowth, and vegetation types (tropical dry (mixed) evergreen forest, moist tropical semi-evergreen forest, and scrub jungle or 'woodland'); C. Flora - general characteristics and classification, format and key to groups, guide to the identification of plants, and table of taxa and list of families; and D. Systematic treatment of families - this is the main part of the book, consisting of 157 pp. There are also references, a glossary of scientific terms, 2 appendices and indexes to scientific and Sinhala names.