Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Abstract

Biology of bull thistle, Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore.

Abstract

Topics covered include the systematics and nomenclature of C. vulgare, a description of the species, its distribution, importance, seed germination, growth, reproduction, life history, population dynamics, pollination, attack by insects and pathogens with respect to biological control, and control methods. Research needs for the successful management of C. vulgare are outlined.